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April 28, 2023

Strategies and Practical Approaches for Pigeon Control

The familiar coos and flutters of pigeon wings have become an almost nostalgic soundtrack to our bustling urban landscapes. Yet, beneath the seemingly harmless flutter lies a persistent, growing concern: pigeon overpopulation.

As these birds continue to thrive and expand their territories in human-dominated spaces, we cannot ignore the negative impacts of their presence. Pigeon overpopulation poses a threat to public health and wreaks havoc on architectural structures. Their droppings not only spread diseases like cryptococcosis and histoplasmosis but can also erode and degrade vital materials.

So, how do we address this issue, or at least manage their populations humanely?

Here are six practical approaches to pigeon control:

1. Bird birth control

Birth control is one of the most recommended pigeon control solutions by OvoControl. It is a practical approach to managing pigeon populations naturally and effectively. This method involves adding a contraceptive to the pigeons’ food, which reduces their ability to lay viable eggs, thus controlling their population.

Using bird birth control solutions like OvoControl is also humane as it does not cause harm or distress to the birds. It is also useful in areas where trapping and relocating pigeons may not be practical or effective.

It is, however, essential to follow local guidelines and regulations and work with a trained professional to ensure proper application and dosage.

2. Habitat modification

Modifying their habitat is an effective way to make your property less appealing to pigeons and encourage them to find other places to settle.

Start by addressing potential food sources, such as securing garbage cans and informing people about the consequences of feeding the birds. Next, limit their access to water sources like ponds, fountains, and birdbaths, as these attract pigeons to roost and breed. Finally, take a look at your property for potential nesting sites, like ledges, nooks, or architectural features, and block them off with wire mesh, wood, or metal plates.

By making these simple adjustments, you can create an environment that pigeons are less likely to call home.

3. Deterrents and repellents

Using humane deterrents and repellents can make areas less inviting for pigeons, discouraging them from roosting or nesting nearby. You can employ reflective materials or devices like shiny tape, mirrors, or wind chimes to create visual disturbances or noise that scare pigeons away.

To complement this strategy, apply gel or spray repellents on ledges and other surfaces, making them uncomfortable or unattractive for pigeons to land on. When selecting a deterrent or repellent, always choose a humane and environmentally friendly option to ensure that you’re not causing harm to the birds or other wildlife.

4. Physical barriers

Installing physical barriers on your property can deter pigeons from landing or nesting in the area. Some popular options include bird netting, bird spikes, and shock strips.

Bird netting is useful for covering large openings or gaps where pigeons might enter, while bird spikes can be installed on ledges and other surfaces to prevent perching. Shock strips emit a low-voltage electric pulse when pigeons land on them, causing discomfort and encouraging the birds to find another location.

5. Trapping & Relocation

Trapping and relocating pigeons may be necessary, in some cases, to manage their populations effectively.

To begin the process, choose a live trap specifically designed for capturing pigeons to ensure their safety. Place the traps near their frequent nesting or feeding areas and bait them with food like seeds, bread, or corn to attract the pigeons. Monitor the traps closely and check them regularly, as captured pigeons should not be left in them for an extended period.

When you finally have some captured, transport them to a new, approved location. Their new habitat should be suitable for their needs and a considerable distance from your property to minimize the chances of their return.

When using this method, it’s crucial to follow local guidelines and regulations to ensure responsible and ethical handling of the birds. You can partner with local wildlife organizations or experts to ensure the process goes smoothly and with minimal stress to the pigeons.

6. Sound Devices

Sound devices emit various bird distress calls or predator sounds, creating an unwelcoming environment for pigeons. These devices can be valuable for managing pigeon populations naturally. Place the devices in areas where pigeons frequently roost or gather, and monitor their effectiveness regularly.

Pigeons are intelligent and can learn to ignore or adapt to sounds they hear regularly. You, therefore, use different sound devices and rotate them often to prevent them from becoming desensitized to the noise.

When using sound devices to deter pigeons, be mindful of their placement to ensure they don’t disturb other wildlife in the area.


Managing pigeon populations is crucial in maintaining public health and preserving our architectural structures. And while there are several methods for controlling pigeon populations, it’s essential to use humane approaches that minimize harm to the birds and the environment.

Employing humane methods, such as using physical barriers, sound devices, trapping and relocating, and bird birth control, ensures that we manage pigeon populations effectively while promoting responsible and ethical treatment of the birds.

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